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Political Parties

 

A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions. Parties often espouse an expressed ideology or vision bolstered by a written platform with specific goals, forming a coalition among disparate interests.

PresidentialElection.com is a non-partisan directory and information center to educate voters. PresidentialElection.com does not endorse any of the parties below and is only intended for informational purposes. The two main parties are listed first, (in alphabetical order) and other parties are listed below in in alphabetical order order as well.


The Democratic Party

For more than 200 years, the Democratic Party has represented the interests of working families, fighting for equal opportunities and justice for all Americans
  The Republican Party

GOP History
The GOP community is broad and diverse, and united in building a stronger America for generations to come. Several groups are working with us for the Party agenda. Find out more and get involved.

Other Political Parties (in alphabetical order) Coming Soon

America First Party
 
  Natural Law Party
American Reform Party
 
  New Party

 
  Reform Party
Constitution Party
 
  Socialist Labor Party of America
Freedom Socialist Party
 
  Socialist Party USA
Green Party
 
  Timesizing Party of Massachusetts
Labor Party
 
  United States Independent American Party
Leftist Parties of the World   U.S. Pacifist Party
     
Libertarian Party   Workers World Party
 
    Young Democratic Socialists
     


Regulation of political parties

The freedom to form, declare membership in, or campaign for candidates from a political party is considered a measurement of a state's adherence to liberal democracy as a political value. Regulation of parties may run from a crackdown on or repression of all opposition parties, a norm for authoritarian governments, to the repression of certain parties which hold or promote views which run counter to the general ideology of the state's incumbents (or possess membership by-laws which are legally unenforceable).

Furthermore, in the case of far-right, far-left and regionalist parties in the national parliaments of much of the European Union, mainstream political parties may form an informal cordon sanitaire which applies a policy of non-cooperation towards those "Outsider Parties" present in the legislature which are viewed as 'anti-system' or otherwise unacceptable for government. Cordon Sanitaires, however, have been increasingly abandoned over the past two decades in multi-party democracies as the pressure to construct broad coalitions in order to win elections - along with the increased willingness of outsider parties themselves to participate in government - has led to many such parties entering electoral and government coalitions.

Starting in the second half of the 20th century modern democracies have introduced rules for the flow of funds thru party coffers, e.g. the Canada Election Act 1974, the PPRA in the U.K. or the FECA in the U.S.. Such political finance regimes stipulate a variety of regulations for the transparency of fundraising and expenditure, limit or ban specific kinds of activity and provide public subsidies for party activity, including campaigning.

Voting systems

The type of electoral system is a major factor in determining the type of party political system. In countries with first past the post voting systems there is an increased likelihood for the establishment of a two party system. Countries that have a proportional representation voting system, as exists throughout Europe, or to a greater extent preferential voting systems, such as in Australia or Ireland, three or more parties are often elected to public office.

Partisan style

Partisan style varies from government to government, depending on how many parties there are, and how much influence each individual party has.
 

 

Nonpartisan

In a nonpartisan system, no official political parties exist, sometimes reflecting legal restrictions on political parties. In nonpartisan elections, each candidate is eligible for office on his or her own merits. In nonpartisan legislatures, there are no typically formal party alignments within the legislature. The administration of George Washington and the first few sessions of the United States Congress were nonpartisan. Washington also warned against political parties during his Farewell Address. In the United States, the unicameral legislature of Nebraska is nonpartisan. In Canada, the territorial legislatures of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are nonpartisan. In New Zealand, Tokelau has a nonpartisan parliament. Many city and county governments are nonpartisan. Nonpartisan elections and modes of governance are common outside of state institutions. Unless there are legal prohibitions against political parties, factions within nonpartisan systems often evolve into political parties.

 

 

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